QUILTS & FABRIC: PAST & PRESENT


Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Bettina's Morris Hexathon Blocks at AQSG Auction 2017

Every year at the American Quilt Study Group Seminar
we have an auction of quilt-related stuff to support the organization.

I am confident I will have the best donation in New Hampshire in October, 2017.

Last year I did a Block of the Week called Morris Hexathon
with hexagon blocks on the theme of William Morris's England.


Bettina Havig and I are donating her set of Morris Hexathon model blocks
and some extra yardage to finish the quilt.

There are light ones.

There are dark ones.


Bettina made weekly models from my line of Morris Repros
Morris Earthly Paradise.
 It's a kit of sorts except most of the work is done.
You'll get the paper patterns too.


You can bid on 25 hexagon blocks with sides finishing to 4"....

Magnificently hand pieced by Bettina.

Look at that stitch.
She uses a running stitch and penciled stitching lines.
They aren't ironed yet.

She gave them to me to do what I would with them.
Well, I am not going to finish them. It would be a desecration
for someone of my sewing skills to set these blocks (or even press them).
I think donating is the perfect solution.

Surely one of you would pay big bucks to take on the challenge.

See the post with links to the patterns:

or buy the patterns as a PDF you print yourself:

Or I will print them in black & white and mail them to you:


Friday, September 15, 2017

Quilts Dated 1850---Border Styles


Quilt date-inscribed 
"August 29, 1850
C..P..Davis"
From an online auction.

I've been posting my pictures of quilts date-inscribed 1850 to my Pinterest page.
https://www.pinterest.com/materialculture/1850-quilts-date-inscribed/
Sorting by date gives me an overall picture of the style trends of the time and sometimes a quilt just looks wrong. It must somehow be misdated.

Here's one advertised as inscribed 1850 made in Schenectady, New York.
It just looks earlier than that to me. I wish I had a picture of the date.

Seeing something misdated is always good for the quilt detective, as it makes one consider one's assumptions.
Why does it look older?
1) Color scheme---too subtle. No plain white fabric for contrast.
2) Too much chintz and larger scale prints
3) In the border the sawtooth pieces are just too big.
4) Whole border style is wrong for the date. Way out of fashion.


I try to save a photo of the actual date inscribed
on the quilt as in this one that says
"D x G
Jerusha Johnson
May 10 th 
1850"
My interpretation of the inscription may be wrong but that certainly looks like 1850 to me if not Jerusha.

A detail of Jerusha's worn quilt.

The style fits with the date. Red and green (the reds are both Turkey red and madder-style red)
Intensive quilting and a pieced sawtooth border leaving lots of white for quilting.

1850, Mary T. Barnes, South Carolina
Smithsonian Institution.
I haven't seen the date on this one but the caption in
the online catalog indicates it's dated and signed in ink
in a corner block.

Mary Barnes put a chintz striped border on her red and green quilt, a rather old-fashioned choice for such an up-to-date center. But as Laurel Horton discovered years ago in doing a South Carolina quilt  project, coastal Carolinians were inclined to use those borders after they'd become unfashionable elsewhere. Mary liked that border so much she didn't care if she had to cut it in asymmetrical fashion. She SHOULD have used a border like Jerusha's if she wanted to win any prizes in 1850.


Here's another that illustrates the importance of borders to dating a quilt by style. It was advertised as dated 1850 by Elizabeth Culp for her grandson, the euphoniously named Martin Luther Culp. The colors are right for 1850 and so is the pattern. But the border is a little suspicious to the quilt detective. Those triple, quadruple and quintuple borders tend to be after 1870. This remarkable border is 7 strips of varying sizes. I've always thought the sewing machine with its ability to sew long seams fast contributed to the fashion for multiple strip borders so you tend to see them after the Civil War when the machine became a standard tool.


But you can see the inked inscription is actually in that border. So it must be 1850. Somebody had to be a trend setter. 
Fortunately for the skeptic the photo of the inscription is so large that you can actually read it online, which I recently did.


"Martin Luther Culp's quilt.
Made and presented to him
By his Grandmother in her 72nd Year
in 1880. Elizabeth Culp"


That's 1880. I knew it!


I am hoping the recipient was this Martin Luther Culp, know as Luther. Born in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in 1848, he was the town marshal in Escondido, California about 100 years ago. Here's his grave:

His house still stands in Escondido:


It looks like he and his brothers Reuben and George Morris Culp arrived in Escondido in 1890. They may have left Adams County, Pennsylvania for the west in 1880 when Luther's quilt is dated. A quilt made for a Reuben H. Culp, also dated 1880, is pictured in the book from the Adams County project. Inked in the corner:
"Reuben H. Culp
Feb 12, 1880"

This is the only photo in the book of Reuben's quilt. It's an Irish Chain, attributed by the family to Rebecca Howell Culp. There are a good many Culps (Kolbs) in Adams County and untangling the web of relationships is formidable, but I am betting Marshal Culp above is related to them all and so is the 1880 quilt.

Monday, September 11, 2017

Past Perfect: Kathie Ratcliffe

Star of Bethlehem by Kathie Ratcliffe
Nine Patch Studio.
About 8 inches square.

Oak Leaf 
9-1/4" x 9-1/4"

This month's Past Perfect post features miniaturist Kathie Ratcliffe.

Kathie working on
a John Hewson miniature quilt.

Wild Goose Chase, 8" square

Kathie lives in Virginia where she makes miniature quilts inspired, as she writes, 
"by traditional 19th century designs. Each miniature quilt captures the essence of an actual 19th century American pieced quilt or quilt pattern. .... I am drawn to the geometric designs and rich colors of early pieced quilts and often add my 21st century spin. Some works are quiet and elegant, others boldly abstract and surprisingly contemporary. All share a connection with the most dynamic and fascinating century in American quilting."
Ohio Star

I am impressed by the tiny Stars of Bethlehem, which are usually 8". I can recognize
her source on some of these.


11-1/2" x 11-1/2"

She sells the small quilts at her website
http://www.ninepatchstudio.com/shop.html#quilts



She'll be opening her Nine Patch Studio for the Waterford Virginia Homes Tour & Crafts Exhibit on
October 6-8, 2017
.




Thursday, September 7, 2017

Squares Running Riot

This might make a good hand-piecing project.

I do have a lot of 2" squares

Maybe a Trip Around the World 

Or one of these

But then again there is so much that can go wrong...

Miscounting

Looks like she just gave up.
Probably in everybody's best interests.

Directionality, maybe

Or maybe her greens faded to yellow.

It's hard to analyze what went wrong here.
Perhaps working in four squares and a little miscalculation in the
final setting.

It took a while to figure out what happened here.

Not that I have it completely figured out. 
Stretching squares cut on the bias?

Not a unique problem.

Maybe I should adapt a more devil-may-care attitude.

From the Pat Nickols collection at the Mingei Museum